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Australia declared war on the Central Powers on 4th August 1914, and our attention is most often drawn to Europe and the Middle East. But we seldom are reminded of the very first action involving Australian and New Zealand troops within a month of the declaration of war. Prior to 1914, Germany, like many other European nations, established colonies in Africa and the Pacific Rim. Germany was active in the Pacific, annexing a series of islands that would be called German New Guinea (part of present-day New Guinea and several nearby Island groups). The northeastern region of New Guine